Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, fondly called by the people of India as Gandhiji. He was a freedom fighter, who was the key player in helping India seek independence from the British Rule. He was also Known for his policies of Ahimsa and Satyagraha, Gandhiji’s non violent approach to freedom was one that has inspired people all over the world. He was called as Bapu, by the people of india. Hailing from Porbandar in Gujarat, India, he fought for the rights of Indians in various domains. Not only did he lead India to freedom, but also brought a range of social reforms that eventually influenced the mindset of the people. He was a great leader who sacrificed his life, in order to make sure that his country would achieve Swaraj (self rule).
In this article, we bring to you seventeen things to know about this great leader.
1. His birthday is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanthi
Gandhiji was born on 2nd October, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. His birthday is celebrated every year as Gandhi Jayanthi.
2. He was very notorious as a kid.
As a child, Gandhiji was very notorious. He in fact used to play with dogs by pulling and turning their ears!
3. He first studied English as a language in the high school.
Gandhiji studied English as a subject for the first time in his life in the high school. He also had poor handwriting.
4. He married to Kasturbai in 1883.
Gandhiji married Kasturbai in the year 1883, when he was only 13 years old. Gandhiji looked back at his marriage and said that as a young child, marriage only meant new clothes and sweets.
5. He was declared an outcast once.
When Gandhiji had decided to go abroad to study Law, he was declared by the elders of the family , as an outcast.
6. He spent two decades in South Africa.
He spent 21 years in South Africa, working as a legal representative for the Muslim Indian Traders. He also began to work for the rights of the people of South Africa, and fought against racial discrimination.
7. His association with Friday.
It so happens that Gandhiji had an association with Friday. He was born and assassinated on Friday.
8. Ironically, the man who always believed in peace but never received the Nobel Peace Prize.
This man, who followed the path of non violence and peace never received the Nobel Peace Prize, even though he was nominated for it 5 times.
9. His auto biography is titled ‘My Experiments with Truth’.
Gandhiji originally wrote his autobiography in Gujarati which was later translated to English. In his autobiography, Gandhi reveals a number of personal incidents and gives us a glimpse of his personality.
10. The British had released a stamp in Gandhiji’s name, to honor him.
The British had released a stamp in Gandhi’s honor almost two decades after his death. Gandhiji is one among the two overseas leaders whose honor stamps had been released by the British.
11. His funeral procession was eight kilometers long.
Gandhiji’s funeral procession was for eight kilometers long stretching from Birla House to Raj Ghat.
12. He was assassinated on 30th January, 1948.
Gandhiji was assassinated on the 30th of January in the year 1948, by Nathuram Godse. Seen in this picture is the Gandhi Memorial.
13. More than 2 million people took part in his funeral procession.
A whooping number of over 2 million people took part in this great leader’s funeral procession, and the entire nation mourned his loss.
14. Gandhiji had written and received letters from Leo Tolstoy.
Gandhiji had remained in touch with Leo Tolstoy, through a series of letters. The first letter written by Tolstoy was ‘A Letter to a Hindu’. In this picture, Gandhiji is seen having tea with Lord Mountbatten.
15. Together, we stand.
Gandhiji had always tried to unite the Hindus and Muslims of India. He believed that together, they can stand united against the British.
16. He undertook almost 17 fasts during the freedom struggle.
Gandhiji, being a strong practitioner of non violence, identified fasting as a weapon. He undertook almost 17 fasts during the freedom struggle.
17. He was titled Mahatma, which means ‘great soul’.
The ‘Mahatma’ in Mahatma Gandhi translates to ‘Great soul’. This term was originally derived from the Sanskrit language.
This great leader has devoted his life for the welfare and independence of this country. He is the father of the nation for a reason.